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Evangelism - Myers Mott Maggay Linthicum        

  Members of Community, not Individually

"The community is an association formed by fixed laws and composed of many families and collegia living in the same place. It is elsewhere called a city (civitas) in the broadest sense, or a body of man and diverse associations. Nicolaus Losaeus defines it as 'a coming together under one special name of may bodies each distinct from the other.' It is called a representational person and represents men collectively, not individually. Strictly speaking. however, the community is not known by the designation of person, but it takes the place of a person when legitimately convoked and congregated.

"The members of a community are private and diverse associations of families and collegia, not the individual members of private associations. These persons, by their coming together, now become not spouses, kinsmen, and colleagues, but citizens of the same community. Thus passing from the private symbiotic relationship, they unite in the one body of a community. ... The superior is the prefect of the community appointed by the consent of the citizens. He directs the business of the community and governs on behalf of its welfare and advantage, exercising authority over the individuals but not over the citizens collectively. An oath of fidelity to certain articles in which the functions of his office are contained stands as a surety to the appointing community. From the individual citizens, in turn, is required an oath of fidelity and obedience setting forth in certain articles the functions of the office of a good citizen. 

"Such a superior is either one or more persons who have received the prescribed power of governing by the consent of the community. ... And so these general adminstrators of the community are appointed by the city out of its general and free power, and can even be removed from office by the city. They are therefore temporal, while the community or city may be continuous and almost immortal."

Johannes Althusius (1557-1638), a Huguenot-influenced Dutch Calvinist theologian, wrote Politico Methodice Digesta, ch. 5: 8-10, 22-25.

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